With the shift of U.S. military strategy in Asia Pacific
With the shift of U.S. military strategy in Asia Pacific, located in the center of Guam in the western Pacific Asia-Pacific situation became critical to U.S. control of the piece. Different from the United States in Iraq, Afghanistan contraction forces, the White House is being re-focus on the reconstruction and military forces in Guam remodeling up.
For the U.S., the number of bases in Guam, the repository is not only strategic forces, will be responsible for the exercise of the U.S. strategic command in the Asia Pacific region and multi-mission military intervention. Therefore, the future of Guam may gradually from behind the scenes, in the Asia Pacific region to play the role of the geo-strategic pivot.
Complicated the situation in the Asia-Pacific region, particularly critical location in Guam, the U.S. had control of Guam into a strategic center of the Asia-Pacific region
Guam in the western Pacific south of the Mariana Islands, the Mariana Islands is the largest and most densely populated islands. The island area of 500 square kilometers, population 150,000 people. 100 square kilometers was placed under the island under the jurisdiction of the U.S. military base, about 20% of the island area.
Since World War II, Guam has been the focus of U.S. troops set heavy Bingzhun region is the originating station U.S. troops several times. However, since the Cold War, the face of continuing unrest situation in East and Central Asia, and China and other emerging countries, the challenge of sea power, the United States had to strengthen its military presence in the Asia Pacific region to strengthen the U.S. Asia-Pacific military leadership. To this end, the U.S. Department of Defense invested hundreds of millions of dollars to strengthen the island bases and command and control system, wishing to fight the control of Guam, the new strategic situation in Asia
The U.S. military is so
First, from the geopolitical point of view, Guam from China and Japan are more than 2000 kilometers, and from the U.S. Hawaiian Islands nearly 6,000 km from Australia is more than 2000 kilometers, if the U.S. military base in the West Pacific Ocean connected into a network, Guam happens as the center. Therefore, in the Western Pacific, Guam into a strategic center for the U.S. military to deal with unexpected events, not only to avoid the inconvenience of long-range attack, military intervention to improve the efficiency of the Asia-Pacific hot spots, but also effectively save military spending. For example, the U.S. B-52 strategic bombers took off from Guam may, after more than three hours to fly to most parts of the coast of the Asian continent, which makes the United States to promptly dispose of the Taiwan Strait, the Korean Peninsula and the South China Sea may occur in the military conflict.
Meanwhile, Guam north to control the Tsushima Strait, west to gates of the Malacca Strait, a potential rival for the U.S. stranglehold of energy delivery channel to provide a strong support.
Secondly, from a historical perspective, the U.S. government has recognized Guam is a U.S. intervention in the Asia-Pacific affairs, control of the geographic center of the Western Pacific region. In 1944, the U.S. military casualties than a thousand people paid the price to Guam from the Japanese wins hands down. Subsequently, Guam became a U.S. military offensive launched on the Japanese mainland and the Korean, Vietnam, the war in Iraq as a springboard. Meanwhile, counter-terrorism operations in Afghanistan and for the southeast coast of China to monitor, Guam played a major role. War proved, Guam central location in the Asia-Pacific has become the United States dominate the world military order and the cornerstone of military alliance.
Third, from the combat capability point of view, Asian countries outside the combat zone coverage has been able to cover the United States in Japan and Korea and other countries established military bases, U.S. military bases have been subject to so-called Choose Guam as a U.S. military base in the western Pacific headquarters, both to ensure that U.S. national missile from hostile naval and air forces of deterrence and the scope of U.S. military superiority can play a long-range strike capability, in line with the United States has always stood for the basic operations of unequal principles.
U.S. forces are re-shuffling of the global strategic plan, need to adjust the power structure to Guam in the Western Pacific region to strengthen the U.S. military influence
Since 1992, the U.S. military withdrawal from the Philippines, the U.S. has begun to adjust the strength of the Western Pacific regional strategy. Recently, the U.S. military stationed in Japan and South Korea is gradually transferred to Guam, the U.S. military plans in 2014 to nearly ten thousand Marines moved to Guam from Okinawa. Therefore, the U.S. Department of Defense has invested over $ 300 million to strengthen the island’s building to accommodate the additional U.S. troops.
First, as in recent years, China, Japan and other countries growing naval power, the U.S. military overseas bases in a very embarrassing situation, the East Asian countries in the Navy increased the scope of military activities at sea, reduced U.S. military intervention in the sea space. Especially the weakening of the
Secondly, in the various wars, the U.S. military action overseas bases again limited by the parties, and training troops makes long-term noise and accident by the local government and public opposition. Unlike the United States military bases in Japan and South Korea, Guam is the United States in their own
Third, according to U.S. experts predict that the future will ease the Korean Peninsula and the eventual reunification, South Korea and Japan will increasingly powerful due to their own military forces and from the U.S. military’s to the U.S. regional intervention created a series of obstacles, if the United States in order to maintain leadership in Asian affairs and the right of intervention to strengthen Guam’s strategic support is crucial.
Finally, the U.S. strategy for the Western Pacific hub in Guam is also built to serve the current strategic objectives. The Obama administration is currently pursuing a pragmatic and flexible military strategy, the South China Sea, similar to the Korean Peninsula, against the United States withdraw Shi You can leave, and also to the massive buildup of Guam to security ally the United States, considered three birds with one stone.
Guam military bases gathered sufficient material reserves, the U.S. military to establish bases in Guam as the center of the Western Pacific regional strategic hub
In the United States launched the recent war, the U.S. military put great emphasis on military power worldwide delivery, for which the U.S. military in the world’s pre-established land and sea pre-equipment and materials storage network. As one of Guam’s sea power projection hub, you can make lightly armed U.S. forces starting from the home, but also for the Western Pacific, Guam became U.S. strategic position in the foundation.
From the infrastructure point of view, at present, the U.S. military bases in Guam, including Apra Naval Base, Naval Air Station Agana, Andersen Air Force Base, which has Apra Naval Base in the first nuclear-powered attack submarine squadron 15, and have the ability to stop a large aircraft carrier battle groups. And Anderson Air Force Base, U.S. Air Force stationed in the 13th Air Force, can accommodate up to 150 aircraft B-52 strategic bombers. U.S. bombers took off from Guam in the Pacific within 12 hours to reach any goal.
In addition, Andersen Air Force Base also has 216 million liters storage of aviation fuel, the U.S. Air Force’s second-largest oil storage station. Another naval air station can be completed routine maintenance and repair tasks. Therefore, from the hardware point of view enough to complete large-scale force stationed in Guam and running.
From the operational platform, the current, major equipment Guam have strategic bombers, attack submarines, F-22 stealth fighter, maintain the operational capability of important strategic significance.
Especially since 2000, the United States deployed 64 AGM-86C cruise missile, the submarine-launched missile can, maximum range of nearly 2,500 kilometers, can be directly covering most of East and Southeast Asia hot spots, making the U.S. military can not put into to achieve combat effectiveness.
Given the focus of U.S. military strategy may further tilt to the Asia-Pacific is expected in the future the U.S. will continue to increase the number of troops stationed in Guam and weaponry updated to enhance the U.S. ability to intervene in sensitive areas, Guam, Western Pacific region will become the geopolitical strategic points, for the U.S. global military hegemony services.