to reduce Taiwan’s troops in 2010
According to media reports, the new amendments to Taiwan’s so as to Taiwan in 2014 laid the foundation for full implementation of the mercenary.
We know that in the world currently has three military service: First, conscription, and there is compulsory to Israel as the representative form of law that the government provides for the use of a certain age must serve citizens within a certain period of military service; second mercenary, is characterized by voluntary, as the representative of the United States, individuals determined by a contract period of active duty; Third, the recruitment of mixed-mode system of military service will combine the two.
Examine the historical development of Taiwan’s military service system, the Taiwan military conscription from 1949 to establish the basic military service system, in the experience of After a change in the attitude of military service, but not on a broad consensus on the reform of military service system.
Since the 1990s, ushered in a period of change Taiwan, leading to national defense system as a breakthrough, Taiwan’s military activities in all aspects of reform. In the military system, the development of Taiwan proposed to meet the needs of the situation, take a gradual approach, first to achieve
However, due to the interests of the KMT and the DPP boycott, resulting in Taiwan’s military reform has been stagnant. Until Ma Ying-jeou took office, mercenary reform was again put on the agenda.
August 2008, when he sets, September 2011, the current Taiwan post; implementation plan, perfect the supporting policies; promote the revision of the laws and regulations. In this context, the new
Taiwan’s transition from the conscription to the mercenary system, mainly in order to implement the In recent years, Taiwan’s military needs to adapt to future joint operations, he proposed ten troops renovation plan, sophisticated case (military organizations and military forces to adjust planning case), the lean case, the essence of the case and so the force renovation program designed to build a
In a series of project implementation, to reduce Taiwan’s troops in 2010, more than 20 million people, manpower needs to be controlled, for the implementation of the mercenary system has created favorable conditions.
Taiwan believes that as information technology, widely used in the war, combatants only after long-term, professional training, a higher overall quality and professionalism in order to generate effective combat, meet the development requirements of the war. Established professional mercenary army, with a longer service life, service personnel to complete training, basic combat formation, after a long period of active duty to avoid compulsory Yiqi short, just a form of combat on the predicament facing retirement. And ensure that the military’s combat power and continue to enhance the dynamic stability of Taiwan’s implementation of the mercenary system is the proper meaning of the title. Meanwhile, in the face to reduce the mobilization potential of the mercenary question, Taiwan made: Although conscription-age young people to ensure a steady stream to join active duty for training, and retired to become important in the militia force, to facilitate military mobilization, which is land-based countries (eg Israel) is significant. However, the Taiwan region surrounded by the sea defense rely mainly on the sea, air and other professional military services, mobilizing reserve land contribution is limited to its defense forces.
Although military service is military reform, but with the political and economic conditions are closely linked. Conscription for the sake of fairness, all the provisions of draft-age young people to be enlisted, ignore the individual circumstances, forcibly conscripted young soldier morale, but also result in social waste of human resources. Although mercenary military personnel to bring a single increase in maintenance costs, but reduce the amount of troops; the same time, due to convene required only of soldiers, and can provide the most comprehensive training and equipment. Thus, to ensure the combat effectiveness is not affected in the case of saving the human resources in social production, for the benefit of economic development, the objective to increase military spending to make up the loss.
But the mercenary system has some adverse effects, mainly the loss may force the role to promote social integration. Because of political, economic and other reasons, wish to join the army of varying social strata. Mercenary implementation, may lead to some sections of the population in the military build-up (such as poverty level), thus resulting in the military sectors of specialization, the impact of social structure, reduce force morale. However, Taiwan’s population structure, The success of the reforms, we’ll see.